TIB Germany Launching Open Journal and Conference Services

TIB Open Publishing reaches a new stage in its development. Read more:

Tullney, M. (2021). TIB becomes Major Development Partner of the Public Knowledge Project (PKP). https://blogs.tib.eu/wp/tib/2021/02/16/tib-and-pkp/

Posted in Advanced Search Techniques, Open Access, Open Science, Research Showcasing, Science Communications Research, Science Gateways | Comments Off on TIB Germany Launching Open Journal and Conference Services

Visionary Institutional Action at some Universities Overcomes Paralysis

Aaron E. Carroll, Professor of Pediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine, describes how some higher education institutions who reacted to the pandemic in a visionary manner have continued operations and created models for others to follow, allowing community members to continue living their lives despite the pandemic and producing results which could be implemented by others.

Carroll, A. E. (2021). The Colleges That Took the Pandemic Seriously. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2021/01/colleges-took-pandemic-seriously/617879/

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Reinventing the Knowledge Workplace as Situations Change

Alison Mudditt, CEO of PLOS, summarizes her experiences in the workplace over the past year, and provides her thoughts about how knowledge workplaces will continue to evolve.

Mudditt, A. (2021). Emerging from the Pandemic: The Future of Work is Now. Scholarly Kitchen. https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2021/02/09/emerging-from-the-pandemic-the-future-of-work-is-now/

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Equitable Open Science

A brief summary of the dynamics of openness in the scholarly endeavor, with a reminder about the broader picture:

[W]e must be especially sensitive to the ways in which open science policies may actually worsen existing inequalities, and make efforts to mitigate these effects.

Read more:

Ross-Hellauer, T., Fessl, A., & Klebel, T. (29 December 2020). Can We Have Open Science Where No Scholar Is Left Behind? Social Science Space. https://www.socialsciencespace.com/2020/12/can-we-have-open-science-where-no-scholar-is-left-behind/

 

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Science Communications Research, Tech Ethics | Leave a comment

Bumpy Reopenings

As the first universities open for “post-corona” business in the U.S., the first campus reopenings have been less than smooth rides. This week, Ohio State University took action against more than 200 students for violating gathering rules, and they are not alone:

In New York, Syracuse University announced last week it had issued 23 interim suspensions to students who violated its COVID-19 safety requirements. The president of St. Olaf College in Minnesota said 17 students who participated in an off-campus party are suspended for the fall semester. Purdue University in Indiana also suspended 36 students for partying.

And officials at other schools, including the University of Miami and the University of Connecticut, say they have revoked housing for students who have violated public health guidance.

How to balance the urge for young people to gather and feel “free” with virus-related restrictions? This question appears not yet to have an answer, not just in higher education environments.

Read more:

United National Population Fund. (2020). Adolescents and Young People & Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Preparedness and Response UNFPA Interim Technical Briefhttps://www.unfpa.org/resources/adolescents-and-young-people-coronavirus-disease-covid-19

Treisman, R. (2020). More Than 200 Ohio State University Students Suspended For Violating Pandemic Ruleshttps://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/08/25/906039378/more-than-200-ohio-state-university-students-suspended-for-violating-pandemic-ru

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Three Scenarios for Higher Education Later in 2020

Bryan Alexander has drafted a thought piece outlining three possible scenarios for higher education operations in late 2020 with some caveats:

…in this post I am exploring future possibilities.  I am not endorsing any particular analysis, political party, or course of action.  I am also not assessing relative likelihood of these scenarios.

My primary target is United States academia, because of circumstances.  Yet I think what follows can be applied to most nations, with some tweaking depending on local circumstances.

The comments (though not numerous) are worth reading, and the piece may be useful for those contemplating possible steps forward for their institutions as the current crisis unfolds in different contexts.

Alexander, B. (2020). Higher education in fall 2020: three pandemic scenarios.  https://bryanalexander.org/future-of-education/higher-education-in-fall-2020-three-pandemic-scenarios/

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A Test in Reproducibility

During his time as Editor-in-Chief for Molecular Brain, Fujita Health University’s Tsuyoshi Miyakawa made requests for raw data for 41 papers marked for revision prior to publication, and the majority of authors failed to respond to this request (in fact, only one article from this 41-article set was eventually accepted for publication). This experience prompted Miyakawa to pen an essay entitled “No raw data, no science: another possible source of the reproducibility crisis” and to call for journals to include raw data requests as part of their editorial process, describing his journal’s new policy for datasets:

I propose that all journals should, in principle, try their best to have authors and institutions make their raw data open in a public database or on a journal web site upon the publication of the paper, in order to increase the reproducibility of published results and to strengthen public trust in science. Currently, the data sharing policy of Molecular Brain only ‘encourages’ all datasets on which the conclusions of the manuscript rely to be either deposited in publicly available repositories (where available and appropriate) or presented in the main paper or additional supporting files, in machine-readable format (such as spread sheets rather than PDFs) whenever possible. Building on our existing policy, we will require, in principle, deposition of the datasets on which the conclusions of the manuscript rely from 1 March 2020. Such datasets include quantified numerical values used for statistical analyses and graphs, images of tissue staining, and uncropped images of all blot and gel results.

In my own recent experience with journal editing, I can say that having the ability to access underlying data for any study would provide me with more confidence when considering the results discussed in a paper, regardless of discipline.

Miyakawa does recognize the need for more robust data infrastructures for supporting raw data provision by authors and calls for better infrastructures for this:

…institutions, funding agencies, and publishers should cooperate and try to support such a move by establishing data storage infrastructure to enable the securing and sharing of raw data, based on the understanding that ‘no raw data, no science.’

Read more:

Miyakawa, T. No raw data, no science: another possible source of the reproducibility crisis. Mol Brain 13, 24 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13041-020-0552-2

Posted in Academic Integrity, Data Repositories, Open Science, Science Communications Research | Leave a comment

Happy New Year!

Wishing you the very best as 2020 begins.

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Experiments in Open Access Publishing: Community Efforts Work; Payoff=Learning & Access

Where have I been since July? I’ve been conducting two experiments in open access publishing, volunteering to be:

  1. Co-editor for Evidence Summaries at Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, a fully open journal hosted by the University of Alberta (Canada)
  2. Engaged in the IFLA Document Delivery and Resource Sharing (DDRS) committee and the organization of the 16th ILDS conference, which takes place every two years. As part of this involvement, program subcommittee members (including myself and NTK’s Sasha Skenderija) created a “light” peer review process for conference papers and decided to publish our conference proceedings openly as an eBook using the existing NTK infrastructure, including a pre-existing repository and creation of an official cataloging record to improve access to the document.

While at times daunting (finding EBLIP peer reviewers during the summer at times seemed like climbing Mount Everest! And who knew some Czech ISBN rules date back to the mid-90s!), both experiences have left me with a clear understanding of what fully moving to an open access environment can mean, when members of various academic communities take it seriously. It all boils down to a community’s rolling up its sleeves and being serious about defining and implementing what scholarly communications/output mean to that particular community plus utilizing (and pushing to expand and improve) existing technological infrastructures.

When this work is done, everyone involved in the process learns: the educational benefits of really engaging in working behind-the-scenes on an open access journal or eBook (in any role: author, publisher, peer reviewer, copy editor, editor) are tremendous, and anyone with an Internet connection interested in the community’s outputs (note: there are still serious Digital Divide hurdles to be solved in this regard) can engage in discussion about the published output.

Stepping back: defining (seriously) what scholarly communications means to a community

I can understand why metrics defining what is considered to be “scholarly output” were developed (funders—including universities and not just grant funding agencies—must have fair and transparent guidelines for academic promotion and distribution of limited grant funding), but I know I’m not alone in feeling that such standards can be misinterpreted, can be overly inflexible, and can be “gamed” by certain players. In the end, each academic community defines its rules.

In terms of contributing to open access movements, it’s up to each academic community to do its soul-searching. Do we want everyone in the world to be able to access our efforts? Why do our journals charge article processing charges (APCs), if they charge them? Are the APCs fair? Will reducing APCs impact quality (or not)? If there’s money involved, where does all the money go?

If it’s hard for your community to answer such questions, it’s maybe time for the community to ask itself why.

Taking advantage of (and pushing to expand and improve) existing technological infrastructures

In thinking about APCs, if a community decides to handle behind-the-scenes work with volunteers (“paid” by learning to be better writers, reviewers, and editors; by gaining academic service activities to put on CVs and to talk about in annual reviews; fame and glory [j/k]), the only “cost” to providing open journal access is the technological infrastructure. EBLIP works with the Open Journal Systems (OJS), a Public Knowledge project, hosted by University of Alberta Libraries; for the ILDS eBook, we used a pre-existing library repository.

Many of these kinds of individual initiatives, at individual institutions or libraries, have sprung up over the past decade. They’re there for members of academic communities to take advantage of, but are often forgotten and/or limited to members of an individual institution. Sometimes, maybe too often, commercial solutions are more user friendly and have broader reach. If we’re serious about open access—and long-term access to information we can trust—maybe it’s time researchers and libraries start asking themselves better questions about solutions which already exist. Why does “Commercial Solution X” work better than our repositories? Are we fast enough to deliver new solutions that can compete with commercial ones? If we’re too slow, why is this the case? How can we do better?

Then there are the even bigger questions: What can we do to change the common issues we face—not just at our institution, but across our global academic community as a whole? How can we share resources to make our efforts accessible to all? How can we serve a greater good better? 

Such questions are easy to lose sight of in the day-to-day sea of academic activities. I’d argue it’s maybe time to stop getting jostled by the waves and to put our hands on the rudder.

Posted in Academic Integrity, ILDS 2019, Net Neutrality, Open Access, Open Science, Science Communications Research, Science Gateways | Leave a comment

UC Office of Scholarly Communications Provides Negotiation Toolkit to the Public

In a bold effort, the University of California Office of Scholarly Communications has created a toolkit for those negotiating with publishers. The toolkit, well-conceived and including specific UC examples, can assist anyone in approaching complex negotiations (not only with publishers) and includes a section on communications efforts and execution, stressing the importance of the role of data analytics in the negotiation process.

The Office has also made public a recent presentation of the UC strategy to its leadership (link, with video, below).

Posted in Discovery, Open Access, Science Communications Research, Science Gateways | Leave a comment